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The article in the issue 8:3:

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Kyle J. Messick, Lluis Oviedo, Jay R. Feierman, Igor Mikloušić, Justin E. Lane, Victoria Alogna, Jesse Bering, Evan Balkcom, Jamin Halberstadt,

Born in Spain (1958), is now full professor of Theological Anthropology at the Antonianum University, Rome; and invited professor in Theological Institute of Murcia, Spain, for questions of religion, society and science.

Has published books with the titles: Secularization as a Problem; Altruism and Charity; The Christian Faith and the New Social Challenges; Co-Editor with Anne Runehov of the Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions (Springer), 4 vols. and about 190 academic papers.

Currently researches in the field of cognitive science of religion and its theological impact, and issues about secularization process and religious social dynamics.


Atheism and Unbelief: Different Ways to Apply the Evolutionary Framework

Religion has been intensely studied in the last years inside an evolutionary
frame, trying to discern to what extent it contributes to fitness or becomes an
adaptive entity in its own. A similar heuristic can be tried regarding the
opposite tendency: unbelief and atheism, since these cultural phenomena could
help to better adapt to some social settings or become an adaptive sociocultural
niche on its own. The present paper examines some scenarios in which
that question makes sense: the tradition of sociology of religion, with its
different strands, including recent studies on ‘non-religious’; the cognitive; and
the philosophical-theological reflection. The proposed venues show to what
extent the evolutionary model might reveal neglected aspects in the study of
unbelief, and at the same time its limits or the open questions that such
application raise.


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