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The article in the issue 6:3:

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Konrad Szocik, Magdalena Hoły-Łuczaj, Andrzej Stoiński, Stig Lindberg, Paweł Zgrzebnicki, Jowita Guja,
Konrad Szocik is an Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszow.

Mr. Stig Lindberg hails from Hawaii, where he grew up and began his religious praxis in high school. After his freshman year in college, he took a year sabbatical to train as a Christian missionary and to participate in outreaches to Tahiti and Japan. With a bachelor’s degree in Political Science, Mr. Lindberg worked at the Hawaii State Legislature before moving to Japan to begin his teaching career.

Subsequently, Lindberg spent a year studying business administration at the University of Hawaii’s graduate school of business and doing research in the Journalism department of East-West Center before obtaining his master’s degree in Christian Studies from Kyoto University. His doctoral research focuses on the philosophical theology of Toyohiko Kagawa who was an early proponent of the harmony between science and religion. Secondary research interests include various theories of realism, human security, and global systems.


Selfishness and Cooperation: Challenge for Social Life

Cooperation is a great challenge for natural selection. Some scholars assume that cooperation could not evolve within the framework of natural selection. It is undeniable that natural selection, at least at the individual level, favors selfishness and defectors. Nonetheless, this selfish tendency does not necessarily imply that cooperation could not evolve by means of natural selection. In this paper, we specifically acknowledge certain basic challenges for the evolution of the human ability to cooperate at the level of large groups. In this paper, we discuss topics like the human ability for “supercooperation,” the importance of repetition and reputation, and Multilevel Selection Theory as the basic mechanisms of evolution of cooperation.


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